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Browsing by Subject "habitus"

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  • Kuivalainen, Rosanna (2019)
    This master’s thesis sets out to examine the reasons behind high school seniors’ choices in application to higher education. Focus of this thesis is directed to seniors’ family history and future goals. Application reform to Finnish higher education takes place during the making of this thesis and therefore the effects of this reform will be also investigated. I utilize theoretical ideas and concepts by Pierre Bourdieu. Earlier studies have shown that social class is connected to consumption of education. I aim to reveal cultural manuscripts, which are connected to application to higher education. I interviewed ten final year students from two high schools from Helsinki. Both high schools demand high grade point averages from their applicants. Qualitative methods and especially analysis of expectations is used in examining the material. As a conclusion, many cultural manuscripts were found to guide seniors in their choices in applying to higher education. Some of them were more obvious to the seniors than others. The pressure by highly educated parents was an easily recognizable storyline, whereas many manuscripts were formed in such a long period of time and were repeated so frequently that they had become invisible and a natural way of life. Cultural manuscripts were formed within the surroundings and communities of the high school seniors. Resources as well as habitus gained from the childhood has helped seniors in their studies. They had gained working routines and adequate skills to cope in the school system, which has made their studies feel pleasant and relatively effortless. Educational institutions have given validation to their habitus and resources, which has driven the students to follow a cultural manuscript of aiming to the highest of educational paths. The experiences of success in school have motivated seniors to keep going and to aim higher. As a result, many potential options are left as non-alternatives to the seniors during application process and correspondingly other options are considered even if they are not appealing to the applicant.
  • Inkinen, Reetta (2021)
    Objectives. Neoliberal education policies have put pressure on strengthening the relationship between universities and working life, and universities expected to better prepare students for working life. Universities have long sought to meet the needs of the labor market by, among other things, increasing more work-oriented teaching, but nevertheless students face many employment-related challenges in transition from studies to working life and the number of unemployed with a university degree has increased. The working life equivalence of university studies has studied a lot, but qualitative research on students' personal experiences has lagged behind. The aim of this study was to find out the experiences of educational students about their capital supporting their employment and the factors accumulating them during their studies. In addition, the perceived benefits of capital in the transition from university studies to working life were examined. Methods. The study examined the experiences of students studying for a master’s degree in education about the capital supporting their employment during their studies, the factors accumulating them and their benefits in the transition from university studies to working life. The data consisted of seven semi-structured theme interviews. The interview data were analyzed using abductive content analysis method. Results and conclusions. Students described that they had accumulated a variety of forms of capital during their studies to support their employment. Capital accumulated most through internships, optional studies, organizational activities or other student activity and work experience, and the importance of these factors as a supporter of one's own employment emphasized. Instead, the connection between the formal studies related to the degree and working life was felt to be insufficient, and more concrete information was desired for the studies from the perspective of working life, for example by adding internships. In the transition from university studies to working life, the clarification of one's own work goal, the ability to identify, say and make one's own skills visible, and useful networks and interpersonal relationships that provide information about hidden jobs or a referee to support one's own employment seem to be important. It could be concluded from the results that the main subject studies in education in particular should better develop in a direction that supports the strengthening of student employment.