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Browsing by Subject "ideation"

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  • Omwami, Anniliina (2016)
    The main goal of this study was to find out how sources of inspiration and sketching occur in fashion designers' design process and what kind of an affect they have on the process. Earlier studies (e.g. Eckert ja Stacey, 2003; Mete, 2006) have shown that sources of inspiration can be anything between material and immaterial. Sources of inspiration have also proven to have different roles in design process: e.g. they expand idea space and help to keep the design in its context (e.g. Eckert et. al., 2000; Laamanen & Seitamaa-Hakkarainen, 2014). Earlier studies have also shown that sketching is an important part of designing. Sketching also provides a vital tool for designers' ideation. Based on earlier studies two main questions were formulated: 1. How do sources of inspirations occur in fashion designers design process and how designers interpret and transforms them into new ideas? 2. How does sketching occur in fashion designers design process and how does it support and improve ideation? The method used in this study was the thinking aloud protocol. Three fashion designers were asked to design a spring jacket for women thinking everything aloud during their ideation. The designers were provided with 10 photographs as sources of inspiration which they could voluntarily use during their ideation process. The design experiment was also recorded on video and few of the designers' sketches were photographed. Material from the experiment transformed into litterate. After that material was analyzed using methods of qualitative content analysis. This study was observed to support earlier studies. Sources of inspiration and sketching were detected to be an important part of designers' ideation. The designers adapted elements from the provided sources of inspiration in their ideas. They were also proven to have abilities to use pictures as fabric materials. Sketching played an important role e.g. in adapting elements from the sources of inspiration into new ideas. It was also used as a tool to evaluate the aesthetic and functional features as well as the details of the designers' ideas. Sketches were also proven to be one of the sources of inspiration for the designers' ideation.
  • Kuhalampi, Taru (2017)
    The learning and teaching of design is a widely researched phenomenon. Designing can be considered either as a cognitive process or from a situational perspective. These two approaches are combined in this study. Designing is defined as a process that includes three stages: the awakening of ideas, the processing of ideas and the verification of ideas. Designing is also understood as a reflective dialogue between the designer and the situation. The purpose of this study is to understand the design process from designers' perspective by identifying facilitators and barriers of the design process. The study also aims to deepen this understanding by exploring how these facilitators and barriers appear in different stages of the design process. The results are used to create a tool that helps to facilitate the design process. All participants in this study were students of Textiles Teacher Education at the University of Helsinki. The data was collected through 40 empathy-based stories and three interviews. The data was analysed using qualitative content analysis and this defines the structure of the study. The study identified 118 facilitators and/or barriers that were categorized into 10 main themes and 2 emotion-related themes. The themes of Design idea and Social space encompassed both facilitators and barriers. The themes of Motivation, Expectations, Time and pressure, Situational constraints, and the Designer's experience of the design process included factors which can act as either barriers or facilitators depending on the situation. The themes of Ways of working and Ways of developing the design included factors that were related to designers' choices which may either facilitate or hinder the design process. The theme of Understanding and reflection was considered as important in facilitating the design process as it did not include any factors which could hinder the process. The two emotion-related themes included both individual factors and situational factors. These emotional factors are either facilitators or barriers of the design process. The quantification of the qualitative data showed that some of the facilitators and barriers appear differently during different stages of the design process. Based on the findings of this study, a tool to facilitate the design process was created.