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Browsing by Subject "jaettu johtajuus"

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  • Halinen, Taina (2017)
    The theoretical context of this qualitative study are the leadership in early childhood education and the organizational change. The leadership and the change of leadership are studied generally and then the distributed leadership and the distributed organization are studied specifically. This study examines how teachers and leaders view the distributed leadership and what kind of skills the leaders and the workers need in the organization of distributed leadership and how they view the organizational change. This is qualitative phenomenology research. The material of the study was collected at half structured interviews which were taken part in six teachers and two leaders from the city of Hamina during November and December 2017. The interviews were recorded and transcribed for analysis. The analysis was done with the methods of content analysis. This study shows that the leadership in early childhood education is in change and the leadership meets new challenges. Distributed leadership challenges both the leaders and the workers. The results of the study show that the interviewed teachers and leaders see distributed leadership as teamwork and interactional work custom. The distributed leadership was difficult to execute, because teachers worked as leaders without the status of the leader. The interviewed viewed that the difficulties of distributed organization are indefinite structures and work tasks of leadership and too large entireties of leadership. The interviewed viewed that the organizational change was unsuccessful. The interviewed teachers and the leader felt that they didn't have an opportunity to influence the change and the given reasons for doing the organizational change were incoherent and the results of the change were not estimated. They would like to increase the number of leaders and clear the determinations of work roles and responsibilities. This study suggests that the city of Hamina should increase the competence of the leaders and the personnel. In practice distributed leadership means investing the knowhow of leadership and working community skills. The human resource management and the motivating of the personnel are the main challenges in the future. Qualitative early childhood education is possible only with the motivated workers.
  • Halonen, Satu (2018)
    In recent years, leadership in early childhood education (ECE) has been studied especially from the perspective of pedagogical leadership. More and more, however, it is seen that pedagogical leadership should be shared in order to attain the goals of early education. The goal of early childhood education is to ensure the child's overall growth and well-being. The purpose of this study is to find out the possible connection between distributed leadership and child well-being in ECE environment. There are no earlier studies of the effectiveness of distributed leadership in day care center. Studies in the school context, however, show that distributed leadership has an impact on both school achievement and employee motivation. The study was a quantitative one, because there was statistical orientation project material available. The material was collected in the spring 2015 in 13 municipalities in southern Finland with child observation (N = 2 838) and with questionnaires to ECE staff and the directors of the day care centers (N = 150). The material of the study was analyzed by calculating correlations between summed variable of distributed leadership and child observations, child and learning environment estimates, which were made by the ECE staff and leadership estimates, which were made by the directors in day care centers. The analysis was made by the SPSS program. According to the study, distributed leadership was linked to the child well-being in ECE context in different ways and levels. Well-being was emerged as a quality of physical and social learning environment. In addition, the peer relationships of children worked out and their positive feelings were emphasized. The children also participated in the planning, implementation and evaluation of the activities. On the other hand, the interaction between the staff and the children was less pronounced if leadership was shared in the day care center. Pedagogical thinking and positive feelings about work were emphasized in staff´s and director´s responses. Thus, it can be concluded that leadership is meaningful both child and staff well-being in ECE context.
  • Hiekkala, Anna-Riikka (2015)
    This is a qualitative study researching the current state of early childhood education. The purpose of the study was to find out what kinds of things kindergarten teachers are hoping to change regarding the distribution of work between kindergarten teachers and kindergarten's nursemaids in day-care centers, and how kindergarten teachers wish the director would act regarding these issues. This study was part of the research project "Transition from the education to the profession and staying at work in the kindergarten teacher career" conducted by the teacher training college of the University of Helsinki. The data was collected using an electronic questionnaire and the study involved 490 kindergarten teachers from five counties in the metropolitan Helsinki area. This study focuses specifically on two open questions and total of the answers was 399. The data is analyzed through a content analysis. The theoretical background of the study is focused on the organisation of the distribution of work and leadership in day-care centers. Previous studies have shown that unclarity on the key tasks of the director in the field of early childhood education has affected confusion and excessive liberties in defining both the directors' and the kindergarten teachers' work descriptions. (Hujala 2005; Halttunen 2000; Nivala 1999) In addition, previous studies have shown that the growing work distribution trend in the day-care centers where everyone does everything has negatively affected the pedagogical level of staff, and kindergarten teachers have lost their position in the field of early childhood education. (Hujala 1998; Kinos 2008; Onnismaa & Kalliala 2010). The results showed that kindergarten teachers wish for a clearer definition of their tasks. They also hope better organization of work and usage of working time. Kindergarten teachers wish that directors would be involved in the distribution of work in the day-care centers. They also wish that the expertise of different professional groups would be recognized in the process. The results showed that many kindergarten teachers need the director to support the formation of a clear division of labor and its implementation in day-care centers. The results provide information on what issues the kindergarten teachers think should be payed attention to in day-care center leadership, and how they would want to change the distribution of work in day-care centers.
  • Kallioniemi, Emmi (2020)
    The purpose of this research was to find out what kind of views daycare managers have on the pedagogical team leadership of early childhood education teachers, In addition, the study examined how daycare managers support and enable early childhood education teachers in working as the pedagogical team leader and what kind of possibilities and challenges are related to it. The theoretical framework was formed around describing pedagogical leadership in the context of early childhood education. The framework became more precise by examining the concepts of coaching and multiprofessional team, and the job description and work assignments of early childhood education teachers. This research is a qualitative interview survey based on content analysis. The interviews were executed as group interviews. In total there were four groups and twelve interviewees. The interviewees were part of the research and evaluation unit of the EduLeaders project. The project aims at studying and evaluating the basic-level studies in leadership in education, and based on this information, developing the above-mentioned studies and advanced-level studies of teacher education. Based on the data of this research it seems that early childhood education teachers work as pedagogical team leaders, which shows among other things in their job description. Daycare managers supported pedagogical team leadership for example by methods of coaching. The shortage of teachers and especially the shortage of qualified early childhood education teachers and matters associated with the change of culture were seen as challenges by the interviewees.
  • Poutiainen, Amanda (2023)
    Principals' well-being at work has been researched in Finland in recent years with Principals' Barometer. According to it, principals’ well-being at work has weakened year by year, especially due to the constant rush, lack of free time and increased concern for students and teachers. The goal of this thesis is to bring out the factors that increase and decrease principals' well-being at work in the school's everyday life, so that their own voice is heard. The theoretical background of my study include research literature about well-being at work and educational leadership, as well as the Self-Determination Theory of Ryan and Deci (2000). The research material has been produced with a written assignment for educational leaders about their best and worst working days and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The factors that increase and decrease principals' well-being at work are often opposites of each other. Well-being is affected by several factors related to work tasks, social and physical aspects and life outside of working hours. In particular, feelings of urgency, meaningfulness and inadequacy, work community, atmosphere, well-being of teachers and students, feedback, challenging situations, physical well-being, own attitude affect well-being at work.