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Browsing by Subject "produktiivisen syntaksin indeksi (IPSyn)"

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  • Urrio, Leena (2019)
    Aims. This study examines the expressions of 4–5 year old bilingual (Russian-Finnish) children with and without developmental language disorder and the aim is to examine, how the morphosyntactic repertoires of these children differ from each other, what type of morphosyntactic changes are observable in these expressions and is it possible to track traces that illustrate the effect of crosslinguistic transfer of Russian language on the morphosyntax of Finnish language. Examining the language development of bilingual children with and without developmental language disorder is important, because more information about the linguistic features that indicate developmental language disorder is needed. This study is one of the first studies in Finland that examines the morphosyntax in the Finnish-language expressions of bilingual children, whose first language is a minority language. This study is part of the PAULA-project, which examines the effects of a small group intervention targeted to children with refugee and foreign backgrounds. Methods. The material of this study consists of video footage from the PAULA-project’s language assessment situations. The children’s skills were assessed with the Finnish Test of Phonology, the Reynell Developmental Language Scales (test of receptive speech) and The Cat Story 3 picture sequencing narrative task and in three short play situations. The expressions of four typically developing bilingual 4–5-year-old children and three 4-year-olds with developmental language disorder were transcribed from the video footage. The language samples were analyzed with the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn). Verb and noun inflection were also examined with qualitative methods. Results and conclusions. The morphosyntactic repertoires of case markers in the typically developing children’s nominal phrases turned out to be more extensive than the repertoire of the children with developmental language disorder. Use of adverbials in verb phrases indicated that the typically developing children were able to produce more complex phrases than children with developmental language disorder. In this study, the morphosyntactic features that seem to indicate developmental language disorder in the Finnish-language expressions were inappropriate use of case markers or the complete lack of case markers in noun phrases, frequent errors in subject-verb agreement, and ungrammatical word formation. Effects of crosslinguistic transfer were identified in the use of negatition, past tense and code-switching.
  • Kyyrö, Marjukka (2014)
    Aims. Cochlear implant is a device that provides a sense of sound by electric stimulation of the inner ear hair cells and the auditory nerve. This technology enables the acquisition of spoken language to children who are severely hard of hearing, however, there exists a wide range of variation in language outcomes. Language skills can also develop unevenly in different language subdomains. In most cases, the morphosyntactic sub-skills have been shown a delayed development. This can be due to the perceptual problems that continue to be present despite the cochlear implant, because the cochlear implant does not provide normal hearing. Cued Speech allows access to the complete phonological representations of speech and may then improve the learning of morphosyntactic regularities. The aim of this study is to analyze morphosyntactic skills in Finnish children with cochlear implants in cross-sectional setting and discuss the benefits of Cued Speech in the development of these skills. In addition, parents' experiences and attitudes towards Cued Speech are also surveyed. Methods. Four children with severe hearing loss fitted with cochlear implants and exposed to Cued Speech participated. A video material (30 min) was recorded for the study using semi-structured play setting, where the child interacted with his/her parent. The material was analyzed by using the Finnish version of the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn), through which the grammatical complexity of spontaneous speech can be assessed. Results were compared with the development of morphosyntax of normally hearing children and with the IPSyn scores of normally hearing children presented in literature. During data collection details of the use of Cued Speech was surveyed from the parent by a paper questionnaire. Results and conclusions. The morphosyntactic abilities of the children using cochlear implants were mainly at the comparative level as that hearing age mates. These results may be explained by the use of Cued Speech but also by many other factors that were not excluded in this study. Nonetheless, the good morphosyntactic abilities of the children along with parent satisfaction with the use of Cued Speech support clinical decision making when different rehabilitation choices to children with hearing impairment are considered.